If your calf muscles ache or the back of your heel and ankle is swollen or tight, you may be suffering from a common condition known as Achilles Tendonitis.
This injury is caused by overuse of the large tendon that connects the calf muscles to the back of the heel bone. When overused, the Achilles tendon can get irritated, painful, stiff and swollen.
Bunions are a very common condition that affects women significantly more than men due to poorly fitted footwear.
A bony protrusion that can occur at the base of the big toe joint, a bunion can cause friction and pain when wearing shoes. If not treated successfully, a bunion can lead to the big toe resting under or over the second toe, often called a hammer toe.
Calluses are unattractive and sometimes painful patches of thick skin on your feet that form when dead skin cells harden and thicken over an area of the foot, usually the ball, the heel or big toe.
This buildup is our body’s defense against excessive pressure and friction. Eliminating the source of the friction or pressure is the first step in treatment.
Don’t trim or cut calluses yourself, as it can make the condition worse. If you have diabetes or poor circulation, call your doctor because the condition can lead to an infection that may be more difficult to treat.
Toe corns are the small bumps on your toes that seem impossible to remove.
Foot and toe corns, the irritating bumps that usually appear on the sides or tops of your toes, are one common result of shoe friction. Similar to calluses, they develop from an accumulation of dead skin cells on the foot, forming thick, hardened areas. They contain a cone-shaped core whose point can press on a nerve below, causing pain.
Toe corns are very common and can become inflamed due to constant friction and pressure from footwear.
Note: Diabetics and all other individuals with poor circulation should never use any chemical agents to remove corns.
Diabetes affects approximately 16 million Americans and is classified into two different types: Type 1 and Type two.
Type 1 is usually associated with juvenile diabetes and is often linked to heredity.
Type two, commonly referred to as adult-onset diabetes, is characterized by elevated blood sugars, often in people who are overweight or have not attended to their diet properly. Diabetics must pay particular attention to their feet as they are at risk for developing complications that can lead to foot and lower leg amputation and even death.
Diabetic Neuropathy can cause insensitivity or a loss of ability to feel pain, heat, and cold. Diabetics suffering from Diabetic Neuropathy can develop minor cuts, scrapes, blisters, or pressure sores that they may not be aware of due to insensitivity in their feet.
If these minor injuries are left untreated, complications may result and lead to ulceration and possibly even amputation.
Recommendations to help prevent Diabetic Neuropathy include:
Gout is one of the most common forms of arthritis.
It is characterized by severe pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in a joint, most commonly the joint at the base of the big toe although it can affect other joints such as the ankle, knee, fingers, wrist, etc.
Acute attacks often strike in the middle of the night and can be so painful that even the weight of a sheet is intolerable. Gout can affect anyone but it more commonly affects men age 40 to 50 and women after menopause. Gout is highly treatable.
If your toes appear crooked or bent downward you may be suffering from hammer toes, mallet toes or claw toes.
These three related conditions, which can result in limited toe motion, intense pain, calluses or corns, occur when you wear high heels or other shoes that are too tight in the toe box. Nerve damage or arthritis could also cause these conditions.
Heel pain is a common complaint for which there are a variety of causes so it’s important to diagnose the cause of your pain.
A heel spur is an abnormal growth of the heel bone. The heel bone absorbs the shock and pressure of every step you take.
A heel spur is a calcium deposit that forms when the plantar fascia (a band of tissue that runs the bottom length of the foot) pulls away from the heel and a bony protrusion develops. This is called plantar fasciitis and can cause extreme heel pain, especially while standing or walking.
Metatarsalgia, the medical name for pain in the ball of the foot, derives its name from the long bones of the foot or “metatarsals.”
Pain occurs when the balance between the metatarsal bones is thrown off. People who suffer from this condition often feel intense pain in the ball of the foot.
Morton’s Neuroma is a common foot problem associated with pain and swelling of nerve tissue in the ball of the foot. It usually occurs between the 3rd and 4th toes, but also can occur between other toes.
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